The Tin Tabernacle of Lee

On the corner of Waite Davies Road is an impressive early Edwardian church that Running Past has ‘visited’ before in relation to the naming of the street after its long time pastor,  James Waite Davies, and the Butterfield Dairy of the Clarks a little further down the street.  It probably ought to be listed, at least ‘locally’, but like many ‘deserving’ non-conformist churches and chapels, it isn’t.

However, it isn’t this church that is of interest here, it is its forerunner which was a temporary structure – which was known as either a ‘tin tabernacle’ or a slightly more prosaically and ‘iron church.’

‘Tin tabernacles’ were common in areas that expanded rapidly during the second half of the 19th century – often in northern industrial towns and were linked to the parallel rise of non-conformism.

Their appearance in the Victorian urban landscape, certainly didn’t meet with universal approval, William Morris, founder of the Arts and Crafts Movement (rather than the eponymous farmer from Lee Green, and later College, Farms) suggested that they ‘were spreading like a pestilence over the country.’

The Bromley Road Tabernacle as it was initially known, due to the former name of Baring Road, has many similarities with its northern counterparts; the small community of South Lee, much of it built by John Pound and sometimes referred to as ‘Pound’s Estate’ had sprung up just to the south of Burnt Ash Farm in the early 1870s.  The drinking and local shopping needs were provided for by Pound when he built the area – a mixture of middle class housing and smaller  homes for workers in his brick fields and building works.  The spiritual needs though had not been catered for.

Permission for ‘temporary iron church’ granted in July 1875, so presumably it was erected fairly soon after that (1).  The ‘tin tabernacles’ were relatively expensive to build, the early ones cost up to £4 per seat plus land and foundations. So even relatively small ones, such as the 200 seat one in Lee, could cost £1000 – no mean feat for working class congregations in areas like that around Summerfield Street.

Source e Bay September 2016

It is unclear whether John Pound had any involvement in the building of the tabernacle, if he did it would have probably been as a business rather than spiritual proposition. While he seems to have been responsible for building the Unite Reform Church on Burnt Ash Road, he is known to have helped fund the building of St Augustine’s in Grove Park, a church he lived almost opposite in the 1870s.

Lee’s temporary iron church didn’t feature much in the local press and the only on-line reference is to some ornate stained glass windows above the main entrance.

There were at least a couple of other ‘tin tabernacles’ around Lee and Hither Green – a short-lived building used by the Hither Green Baptist Church which lasted for 7 years between 1896 and 1903 before being replaced by the permanent building in Theodore Road (2).  Similarly, the Brownhill Road Baptist Church had a tin tabernacle lasting from 1900 to 1925 (3).

Lee’s ‘tin tabernacle’ was to last until the early 20th century – was still there in 1893 Ordnance Survey visited, but had gone by the time they returned in 1914 (4).  It is unclear how important  James Waite Davies was in the building of a permanent home for his congregation – but certainly his arrival in 1905, may have been pivotal.

The tin tabernacles have not been the only temporary church building that Lewisham has seen  – around a 1000 metres away, as the crow flies, is the church of St Mark which is part of the Excalibur Estate (below.

 

Notes

  1. Woolwich Gazette 03 July 1875
  2. Godfrey Smith (1997) Hither Green – The Forgotten Hamlet p52
  3. ibid
  4. Map images on a Creative Commons via the National Library of Scotland
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4 thoughts on “The Tin Tabernacle of Lee

  1. Pat Chappelle

    Hi Paul,
    I’ve been meaning to contact you for, oh, at least a couple of years now, to thank you for your many interesting posts on Lee, and to make some small factual corrections, but have been too busy to get round to it. I would also have met up with you as I see you have started to give talks (e.g. for QWAG), but for the fact that I live in Dorset and only return to Lee (where I was born) fairly infrequently. When I do visit, it is for research purposes, as I am myself writing a book on the history of Lee (for about 12 years now, but hoping to complete this year). Anyway, I felt I just had to find a moment to write now to correct you on this post on the Tabernacle, which I know quite a bit about as my great-grandparents on my mother’s side were members of the congregation there and friends with Revd Davies. The first chapel building, which dates to 1874, is the smaller one on Butterfield St, as shown on the 1893 OS map, which was turned into a school room when the second (iron) building was erected, next to it, in 1896 — it hasn’t disappeared, it’s still there. If you check the census for 1881, you’ll find my great-great-grandfather, John Stredwick, and his family, living at 15 Butterfield St (“Rear of Tabernacle”). Incidentally, it should properly just be Davies Road — he wasn’t christened with the Waite, but adopted it later (it was his grandmother’s maiden name) to replace his original middle name of William (thereby not altering his middle initial). Not knowing this, after his death in 1930 the council made the misassumption that it was a double-barrelled surname. Other notables in the congregation were local developer Silas Honeywill, who built St Mildred’s church hall opposite the Tabernacle, and his eldest son Constantine, named on the dedication stone of the present building; and Walter Woods of Horn Park Farm. I have several more images of the church, the Davies family and the Tabernacle football and cricket teams which I’d be happy to share when I get another spare moment.
    Best wishes,
    Pat Chappelle

    Reply
    1. Paul B Post author

      Thank you so much for posting this! I know that in attempting to piece together the history of the area I will make mistakes and am delighted to be corrected! I will be in touch by e mail later in the week. And yes, some photos would be fantastic!

      Reply
  2. Pingback: A Walk through Hither Green’s History | Running Past

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