The Original Church of the Good Shepherd, Lee – ‘Lost’ in the Blitz

Historically, the Parish Church of St Margaret,  Lee was relatively small one serving three small population centres – the area around the church itself on what is now called Lee Terrace, around Lee Green and the large houses of Old Road such as Lee Place, the Manor House, The Firs and Pentland House.

The coming of the railways saw the population grow and the ecclesiastical parish of St Margaret was divided several times to form the parishes of Christ Church (Lee Park) in 1854, Holy Trinity (Glenton Road) in 1863 and St Mildred’s on the eponymous Road in 1872.  The first two of these have already been ‘visited’ by Running Past and were both lost as a result of World War Two bombs – the churches were partially destroyed, later demolished and not replaced – their parishes being subsumed back into that of St Margaret.

The fourth subdivision was the creation of The Church of the Good Shepherd in 1881 (see above – source eBay October 2016). Much of the initial funding apparently came from Lord Northbrook, still owner of the Manor House at that point but hadn’t lived there for some time.  Initially it was to be a chapel of ease rather than a parish in its own right, the Rector of St Margaret’s, Reverend F H Law announced at the beginning of 1881

The Chapel-of-Ease, then, to the Parish Church, which I purpose calling ‘The Church of the Good Shepherd,’ is to hold 550 persons, all the Sittings are to be unappropriated, so that the poor cannot be crowded out from what is more especially their own Church; and I have sufficient faith and confidence in those who will worship there, to believe that by their offerings, sufficient will be contributed, not only to provide for all necessary expenses of the Services, but also for the maintenance of at least one of the Clergy who will be especially in charge of it.

The church was designed by Ernest Newton; Newton has been featured in some detail in Running Past, in an earlier post on another local building that he designed, Lochaber Hall – formerly the church hall of Holy Trinity, Glenton Park.  Locally, he also designed the Baring Hall pub as well as St Swithun’s Church on Hither Green Lane.  Like St Swithun’s, the builders were the largely ecclesiastical Croydon firm Maides and Harper, they have been described as ‘first-class building firm’ with a reputation for high quality workmanship (photo below – source eBay September 2016).

Local Victorian historian F H Hart (who was a sidesman at St Margaret’s at the time of the consecration) described the church as a

plain, substantial structure of red brick, with tiled roof, and neat bell turret. The interior of the church has a remarkably open appearance, and light is admitted by four large semi-circular windows.

He suggested that the ‘fittings’ for the Church of the Good Shepherd church are very plain but substantial – money for them had been raised through a special offertory at St Margaret’s.

Hart also noted that in the months after the consecration that attendance at the services ‘is most encouraging, as are also the offertories.’

The church was largely ‘lost’ during  the Blitz in 1941 when it was hit by an incendiary bomb, possibly in error as that night the Luftwaffe were targeting the docks, however as the then vicar, the Reverend J B Phillips, sadly noted (1)

‘Consequently every fire-fighting appliance was directed to save our vital food supplies.  No water pump could be spared to save a building, however beloved, and it was poignant indeed for us to stand helplessly by and see the church blaze into ruins.’

While the building was damaged beyond repair the parish continued to function using the parish hall that had been built in 1892 (2), there were donations from other parishes of an altar cross, candlesticks, pews, pulpits, a font and altar frontals (3).  Some of these probably came from other churches lost in the Blitz.

 

For a while, the parish used the church hall of Holy Trinity in Manor Lane Terrace (now known as Lochaber Hall), see below, for Sunday Schools as well as providing a hall for other activities (4).

For many local churches and chapels destroyed during the war, the destruction of the physical place of worship saw the end of the parish or church community; in addition to losses of Christ Church and Holy Trinity, the Methodist church on Hither Green Lane and the Baptist chapel at the corner of Eastdown Park and Lee High Road were lost.  This was not the case with the Good Shepherd, but the parishioners had to be patient; due to post war shortages of building materials and the priority given to housing, it meant that it was to be seventeen years before it was possible to rebuild the church.

The new church was completed and re-consecrated in 1957 and in its rebuilding it was able to use foundations and some portions of the old walls, varying in height from a few brick courses up to some 2 to 3 metres on all the walls, apart from that facing Handen Road. This probably explains the more than cursory nod to the original designs of Ernest Newton, although perhaps had more work been done to the Victorian foundations there wouldn’t have been the problems with subsidence that beset the church around the Millennium.

 

 

Notes

  1. Booklet produced by Church of the Good Shepherd, Lee in 1956, p11
  2. ibid p8
  3. ibid p12
  4. ibid p12

Thank you to the Reverend Shepherd of the Church of the Good Shepherd and Lewisham Archives for allowing me use the photographs of the bomb damage and temporary church (the three black and white photographs in the middle of the post) – they were part of the booklet noted above.

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5 thoughts on “The Original Church of the Good Shepherd, Lee – ‘Lost’ in the Blitz

  1. Philip Saunders

    Interesting. In 1938 the parish church of Cottenham in Cambridgeshire updated its sanctuary and replaced its altar rails. In 1943 it gave away the old [probably Victorian] rails to a church damaged in the Blitz, according to the PCC minutes “The House of the Good Shepherd Church of the Divine Revelation Clapham”. Could this be your church at Lee and might the rail be in your 1950s church? I don’t imagine they were worried about geographical niceties and I can’t find a nearer candidate. At the same time it gave a spare font to “St Mary’s Newington”.

    Reply
    1. Paul B Post author

      Thanks for your comment. That’s some old name for a church! I don’t recall reading that the Church of the Good Shepherd Lee ever being referred to by any longer name and Clapham is about 6 or 7 miles away across S London. From memory, the 1950s booklet that was produced when the new church was consecrated wasn’t specific about where the donations had come from – I would have probably included them in the post had that been the case.
      However, the Good Shepherd isn’t a common church name and I can find no reference one-line to one in Clapham in the past (there is one in Tatham Fells in Lancashire, a few miles over the fells from Clapham in Yorkshire) and the only other ones in this area are in Tadworth and Carshalton, both in Surrey and a former church in Blackfen but the history of that was a very short one built in the 1960s, closed in the 1980s. So if the PCC minutes were slightly wrong in the name, it no doubt possible that they were donated by the church in Cottenham – it would be a great link!
      It is difficult to tell whether the altar rails now (picture on link) are the same as in the temporary church as there isn’t much to go on in the one known surviving photo from that era. However, they could well be the same.
      http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/2409840
      Thank you so much for visiting and posting – it is a fascinating possible link between 2 parishes, at some stage I will reference to your comment in the main post.

      Reply
  2. Philip Saunders

    Unfortunately I think they look too modern, consistent with 1950s rebuilding, but I don’t know if we have any photo here that shows the sanctuary before 1938 when the later famous Dykes Bower had a go at it. Longer views down the church from pre-1950s are unfortunately restricted by a screen that survived till then. We have some old pictures up in the church at the moment (which is what got me interested). I’ll take a look at the weekend and report back. I think your church is the most likely destination. Anywhere south London might be regarded as Clapham from rural Cambridgeshire in the 1940s – London was still far off. I’ve drawn a complete blank on ‘House of the Divine Revelation’ but I may try emailing the Clapham Society. I’m also considering a confusion of Clapham with Clapton. A curious coincidence is that Dykes Bower was the architect of the post-war Good Shepherd church in Cambridge, but it can’t be more than that.
    Philip

    Reply
    1. Paul B Post author

      Hi Philip
      I think you are probably right about the age. You may also be onto something about it being Clapton; there was certainly a Good Shepherd Church there but it was an Ancient Catholic Church. I will have a look at home at the LCC Bomb Damage maps to see if it suffered any damage. There is a little more about that church on Wikipedia
      https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Upper_Clapton
      Paul

      Reply
      1. Paul B Post author

        I don’t think it is Clapton – photographs of the church and the LCC Bomb Damage maps suggest that it wasn’t hit during the Blitz. The detail of the church, linked to its first users seems incredible.

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